|There are two different types of Citroen D-model cars: the DS
and the ID. Both the D-model berline (sedan) and cabriolet (convertible)
can either be a DS or an ID. D-model breaks (stationwagons) are officially always ID's
although they are technically much closer to the DS. Confusing ... ?
The difference between the DS and ID lay in the amount and type of hydraulic
high pressure "features" used, the different interior (and exterior) trimming
and the engine power. The original DS and ID in the late fifties were quite different
regarding the use of hydraulic components (see the lists below); both had the
hydropneumatic suspension of course, but that was about it when talking about the ID. The
differences between the DS and ID became smaller with the years, but there is one thing
that the ID's never got and that is the DS brake system.
Now the confusing thing is that the breaks, which are officially ID's, always used the DS brake system ...
DS19, DS20, DS21, DS23
The four DS models are characterised by the following hydraulic "features" :
The DS Pallas is the more luxurious version of the DS, it is easily recognized by the trim on the body panels and the more luxurious interior (carpet on the sills, optional leather seats etc.). Other special version of the DS are the all black DS Prefecture (voiture d' administration) for governement use and the DS Prestige which had a separation "wall" between the front and rear seats.
CitroŽn build one special edition version of the DS. This version is sometimes called DS21 Jubilee and was available in model year 1972 only. Click here for some more information on this special DS21.
|DS19 (DS19A, 1985cc)|
|1) Starting from February 1963 (BVM = Boite Vitesse Mechanique = manual shift)|
|2a) Starting from sept 1970 the DS20 always has a BVH|
|2b) Starting from sept 1970 the manual shift gear box is now always a 5-speed gear box.|
|3) On DS21(i.e.) and DS23(i.e.) only (BW = BorgWarner fully automatic gearbox)|
ID19, ID20, DSpecial, DSuper
The ID's are characterised by the following hydraulic "features" :
Originally there were three versions of the ID; the ID19 Confort
(interior similar but not identical to that of the DS19), the ID19 Luxe (more simple
interior) and the very basic ID19 Normal which had the unmodified engine from the 11CV
|ID19 (ID19P, 1911cc)||1)|
|ID19 (ID19B, 1985cc)|
Power steering option
|1) First ID19 Luxe delivered in March 1957, first ID19 Confort delivered in June 1957.|
|2) 5-speed gear box option on DSuper only.|